Let me first start be defining what human rights are , human rights are universal rights to which every person is entitled because of they are justified by moral standard that stand above the laws of any individual . For example the rights to own property, freedom of religion, association etc. In my county Ghana l stand to say in a position to say that the government respect the human rights of every citizen and made significant improvement during the years, however, there are still some problems relating to human rights problems in Ghana which l will like to talk about.
First of all; let me talk about freedom of assembly. This law provides for freedom of peaceful assembly but in most cases in Ghana , the government restricted this right. The government does not permit for demonstration but police can deny use of particular route. In most cases the police arbitrarily cancelled demonstrations and forcibly dispersed demonstrations which resulted in injuries. Violation of this right is when police sought a court order to postpone a well publicized opposition street protest. Also the police cancelled a planned demonstration by media practitioners to protest the lack of development in the Ashanti region, no explanation has been provided still now. A joint team of military and police shot and wounded at least seven persons who were protesting surface mining in Prestea in the Western Region. Numerous persons were injured. Neither the police nor the government responded to requests for an investigation by year’s end.
Free of association the law provides for freedom of association and the government generally respected this right in practice. Members of security forces are prohibited from joining political assembly with the security service, but they are allowed to participate outside police or military compound.
Freedom of religion, the law provides for free of religion, example worship and the government generally respected these rights in practice. Religious institution that wanted formal recognition were to register with the registered general department, however there were no report that the government denied registration to any group. Most traditional religions with the exception of the Africana mission did not registered did not register
Freedom of speech and press, this law provide for freedom of speech and press and the government generally respected these rights, however opposition parties normally complained that the state owned media outlets minimized media coverage of opposition politician. In Ghana the media operate freely but in most cases their rights are cur titled for example the police harassed and arrested journalist. Police detained a television crew at the president private residence because they were filming a nearby property allegedly purchased by the president in his sons name with funds obtained through abuse of office.
Unknown assailants attacked a journalist in his car and smashed his windshield with a machete. Some media sources believe the journalist was attacked because he had been investigating allegations of corruption linked to the presidency.
Freedom of movement within the country, foreign travel, emigration and repatriation. This law provides for these rights and the government respected them in practice. Security officers manned check point nationwide to prevent smuggling, seize illegal weapon and catch criminals, although many were unmanned during daylight hours, however the police occasionally erected illegal barriers from motorist
Arrest and detention the law provides that an individual detained should be informed immediately in the language that the detained person understands of the reason for the detention and of his or her rights to a lawyer and interpreter at the state expense. The law requires judicial warrants foe arrest and provides for arraignment within 48hours, the law requires that the detainee who has not been tired within reasonable time be release either unconditionally or subject to condition necessary to ensure that the person appear in court at a later date. The law also provide for bail, but besides all these laws many abuses of these rights occurred, including detention without charge for periods longer than 48hours, failure to obtain a warrant for arrest and remand of prisoners into investigative custody for indefinite periods by renewing warrant
Unlawful Deprivation of Life
Unlike in the previous year, there were no reports that the government or its agents committed political killings; however, security force use of excessive force resulted in the deaths of criminal suspects and citizens during the year.
At year’s end the trial of three security officers charged with the December 2004 suspected political killing of the regional chairman, Issa Mobilla of the opposition Convention People’s Party (CPP) was ongoing. The CPP chairman died from abuse sustained in military custody, according to an autopsy report. In May an elderly woman in Dormaa, Brong Ahafo Region, reportedly died after a policeman struck her in the chest with his elbow. The woman had objected when six policemen assaulted her son, including one officer who struck the boy with a gun barrel. No information regarding an investigation or disciplinary action against the officer was available at year’s end
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
The law prohibits such practices; however, there continued to be credible reports that police beat and abused suspects, prisoners, demonstrators, and other citizens. Security force use of torture resulted in at least one death during the year. Severe beatings of suspects in police custody reportedly occurred throughout the country but largely went unreported. In many cases, police denied allegations or claimed that force was justified. In Accra , police officers acting on orders of a superior reportedly stripped a teacher of his trousers and beat him with hockey sticks after the teacher allegedly trespassed across a courtyard
Prison and Detention Center Conditions. Prison conditions in most cases were harsh and sometimes life threatening, despite government efforts to improve them. Much of the prison population was held in buildings that were originally old colonial forts or abandoned public or military buildings, with poor ventilation and sanitation.
From the above research and analysis , l can conclude that since human rights are natural rights are rights entitled to a person , it is wrong when these rights are violated and that proper and better understanding of human rights will help make the home of the victim a better and nice place to live where fundamental human rights thrives.
L gather all these source of information from different source , for example , through the country report on human rights practices , from commission on human rights and administrative justice on the website , from publication on human rights abuse , personal eye withness and lastly from interview from human rights victims.
From different books on human rights abuse