Essay Competition 2008

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  • We invite people to write essays concerning human rights and other closely related subjects. We encourage to the young people from schools and universities to participate.
  • Judges will be looking for originality of vision, knowledge of the subject, skill in presenting an argument, age, and literary merit.


  • All essays must be original; no previously published material will be accepted.
  • Each participant can submit a maximum of two essays.
  • Quotes and references must be clearly marked throughout the essay and properly cited. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that all quoted material (including statistics) is correct, relevant, and accurate. The judges will verify your citations and in case of erroneous, they might disqualify the essay.
  • Any form of plagiarism will result in automatic disqualification.
  • Every participant must provide the following personal details *:
  • Valid Postal Address
  • Valid Email Address
  • Name and Surname
  • Age
  • HumanRightsDefence reserves the right to publish the winning essay under the domain name
  • The decision of the Jury is final and is not subject to an appeal.
  • Copyrights of winning entry will apply to HumanRightsDefence.
  • HumanRightsDefence is held responsible for ensuring the author’s name is kept and publicized with the essay. It also reserves the right to remove/delete the essay without notice to or consent by the author.
  • Upon request by the author, he/she may use ‘anonymous’ as author.
  • There is no limit on the contestant’s age or occupation. Everyone is welcome.


  • Entries should be no shorter than 1000 words. However, we would like to emphasize that quality is more important than quantity.
  • You may include images in your essay
  • Your essay should include the following:
    • An introduction, which introduces the topic and contains an explanation of your position.
    • A body, which contains the main content of your essay
    • A conclusion, which summarizes the subject, research, and analysis presented in the essay and sets forth your conclusions.Your essay should also include notes and/or a bibliography except when using ‘APA style’:
  • Reference notes (footnotes or endnotes) give the sources of your information or ideas. Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page where the information appears. Alternatively, you may gather all the notes at the end of the text as “end notes”.
  • A bibliography is a list of the works that you have referred to in your essay or have consulted in order to write it.

Essays are encouraged to use a variety of sources—academic journals, news magazines, newspapers, books, government documents, publications from research organizations, etc..

We also encourage the adaption of the following guideline from the “National Peace Essay Contest 07-08”:

The Internet or World Wide Web should not be the only source for your essay. Be aware that you may encounter “republished” or “third generation” information on the Internet that is inaccurate or improperly attributed. When citing Internet sources, you must include the following information: author(s), title of work, Internet address, and date information was accessed. Detailed instructions can be obtained from the manuals listed above. For the purposes of this essay, Internet sources should be listed separately from non-electronic sources, such as books, magazines, and newspapers.

First Prize: The winning entry will receive a cheque of €200 and get their essay published on

Second Prize: entry will receive a cheque of €75 and get their essay published on

Third Prize: entry will receive a cheque of €50 and get their essay published on

Submission Deadline: 15th of June 2008

Submission Details: Entries may be posted to one of the addresses or sent via email to the Email Address stated below. Deadline is 6th of June 2008.

Submission (Postal Address):
Luisa Teresa Salazar de Nordlander
Minister Ditleffs vei 15A
leil. Nr 202
0862 Oslo


Benjamin Jakobus
Co. Cork

Submission (Email):

*All personal details provided (i.e. Name, Surname, Email Address and Postal Address) will remain confidential and is used for the solemn purpose of identifying and contacting participants in case the submitted entry qualifies as the winning entry. All details are stored in accordance with the Data Information Act, and will be deleted by June 30th 2008. Personal Details provided will only be accessibly to Luisa T. Nordlander (Director of HumanRightsDefence), Dr. Tomas Nordlander (Advisory Committee of HumanRightsDefence) and Benjamin Jakobus (Chief Technology Officer of HumanRightsDefence). Should the contestant decide to become an official HumanRightsDefence member, Name, Surname, Email Address and further personal details will be retained until cancellation of membership.